CL (GER) - Trifolio-Geranietea sanguinei T. Müller 1962

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Thermophilous forest fringe and tall-herb vegetation in nutrient-poor sites in the submediterranean to subboreal zones of Europe and the Macaronesia

Chytrý (2007) did not accept this class and classified a part of its syntaxonomic content into the Festuco-Brometea, based on considerable floristic similarity and its enormous heterogeneity as it includes alliances of dry herbaceous vegetation related to the Festuco-Brometea, alliances of mesic vegetation related to the Arrhenatheretalia, alliances of oligotrophic grasslands related to the Nardetalia, and alliances of disturbed vegetation related to the Epilobietea angustifolii. (LM, MC).

Synonyms

Diagnostic class species (and subordinated units)

Vascular plants: Achillea distans subsp. distans, Achillea distans subsp. stricta, Achillea styriaca, Aconitum angustifolium, Aconitum anthora, Agrimonia eupatoria, Agrimonia pilosa, Agrimonia procera, Agrimonia repens, Agrostis capillaris, Allium oleraceum, Anemone sylvestris, Anthericum ramosum, Aquilegia vulgaris subsp. dichroa, Aquilegia vulgaris subsp. hispanica, Arabis hirsuta, Arabis stenocarpa, Astragalus cicer, Astragalus glycyphyllos, Betonica officinalis subsp. serotina, Brachypodium pinnatum, Buglossoides purpurocaerulea, Buphthalmum salicifolium subsp. salicifolium, Bupleurum affine, Bupleurum alpigenum, Bupleurum falcatum subsp. falcatum, Bupleurum longifolium, Bupleurum praealtum, Campanula baumgartenii, Campanula beckiana, Campanula bononiensis, Campanula cervicaria, Campanula medium, Campanula patula subsp. patula, Campanula persicifolia, Campanula rapunculoides, Campanula rapunculus, Carduus defloratus subsp. glaucus, Carex divisa, Carex divulsa subsp. leersii, Carex montana, Carex muricata, Carex pairae, Carex pediformis subsp. pediformis, Carex spicata, Centaurea jordaniana subsp. verguinii, Centaurea nemoralis, Centaurea nigra subsp. carpetana, Centaurea nigra subsp. nigra, Centaurea phrygia subsp. stenolepis, Centaurea scabiosa subsp. fritschii, Cerastium lineare, Cheirolophus sempervirens, Cirsium pannonicum, Clematis recta, Clinopodium menthifolium subsp. menthifolium, Clinopodium nepeta subsp. glandulosum, Clinopodium nepeta subsp. nepeta, Clinopodium nepeta subsp. subisidoratum, Clinopodium vulgare subsp. arundanum, Clinopodium vulgare subsp. vulgare, Conopodium arvense, Conopodium majus subsp. majus, Conopodium marianum, Conopodium subcarneum, Coronilla coronata, Cota triumfettii, Crepis praemorsa, Cruciata glabra, Cyanus triumfettii subsp. axillaris, Cyanus triumfettii subsp. triumfettii, Cytisus hirsutus subsp. hirsutus, Cytisus nigricans subsp. nigricans, Cytisus ratisbonensis, Dactylorhiza foliosa, Dactylorhiza insularis, Daphne cneorum, Delphinium sergii, Dichoropetalum carvifolia, Dictamnus albus, Dorycnium pentaphyllum subsp. herbaceum, Drymocallis rupestris, Epipactis helleborine subsp. tremolsii, Epipactis muelleri, Erysimum grandiflorum, Erysimum merxmuelleri, Euphorbia angulata, Euphorbia cyparissias, Euphorbia hyberna, Euphorbia illirica, Euphorbia salicifolia, Euphorbia verrucosa, Ferulago campestris, Ferulago sylvatica, Festuca rupicola, Fragaria moschata, Galium X centroniae, Galium album subsp. pycnotrichum, Galium eruptivum, Galium glaucum, Galium maritimum, Galium mollugo, Galium pumilum subsp. papillosum, Galium pumilum subsp. pinetorum, Galium verum subsp. verum, Genista tinctoria subsp. tinctoria, Geranium asphodeloides, Geranium canariense, Geranium lanuginosum, Geranium palmatum, Geranium sanguineum, Geranium sylvaticum, Geum hispidum, Helminthotheca comosa subsp. lusitanica, Hesperis sylvestris, Hieracium lachenalii, Hieracium laevigatum, Hieracium maculatum, Hieracium racemosum subsp. racemosum, Hieracium sabaudum, Hieracium tenuiflorum, Himantoglossum adriaticum, Himantoglossum hircinum, Holcus mollis subsp. mollis, Holcus notarisii, Hypericum barbatum, Hypericum hyssopifolium, Hypericum montanum, Hypericum perforatum subsp. perforatum, Hypericum pulchrum, Inula bifrons, Inula conyzae, Inula ensifolia, Inula germanica, Inula hirta, Inula salicina, Inula spiraeifolia, Iris graminea, Iris variegata, Jacobaea adonidifolia, Klasea legionensis, Klasea lycopifolia, Knautia arvernensis, Knautia drymeia subsp. tergestina, Knautia fleischmannii, Knautia illyrica, Knautia maxima, Lactuca quercina, Laser trilobum, Laserpitium latifolium subsp. asperum, Laserpitium latifolium subsp. latifolium, Laserpitium nestleri, Laserpitium siler subsp. garganicum, Lathyrus bauhinii, Lathyrus cirrhosus, Lathyrus grandiflorus, Lathyrus heterophyllus, Lathyrus latifolius, Lathyrus linifolius, Lathyrus pannonicus subsp. collinus, Lathyrus sylvestris, Lathyrus transsylvanicus, Leucanthemum gracilicaule, Leucanthemum montanum subsp. vogtii, Leucanthemum sylvaticum, Lilium bulbiferum subsp. bulbiferum, Lilium bulbiferum subsp. croceum, Linaria triornithophora, Lithospermum officinale, Lychnis coronaria, Medicago carstiensis, Medicago glomerata, Melampyrum barbatum subsp. carstiense, Melampyrum bihariense, Melampyrum catalaunicum, Melampyrum cristatum, Melampyrum heracleoticum, Melampyrum italicum, Melampyrum nemorosum subsp. nemorosum, Melampyrum pratense, Melampyrum subalpinum, Melampyrum sylvaticum, Melampyrum velebiticum, Myosotis latifolia, Odontites tenuifolius, Omphalodes brassicifolia, Omphalodes nitida, Ophrys apifera, Origanum vulgare subsp. virens, Origanum vulgare subsp. vulgare, Ornithogalum sphaerocarpum, Orobanche alsatica, Orobanche bartlingii, Orobanche laserpitii-sileris, Orobanche lutea, Orobanche montserratii, Paeonia mascula subsp. mascula, Paeonia officinalis subsp. huthii, Paeonia officinalis subsp. microcarpa, Paeonia officinalis subsp. officinalis, Peucedanum alsaticum, Peucedanum austriacum, Peucedanum cervaria, Peucedanum gallicum, Peucedanum officinale subsp. officinale, Peucedanum oreoselinum, Peucedanum rablense, Peucedanum venetum, Physospermum verticillatum, Phyteuma scorzonerifolium, Pimpinella dendrotragium, Pimpinella espanensis, Pleurospermum austriacum, Poa nemoralis subsp. nemoralis, Poa pratensis subsp. irrigata, Polygonatum multiflorum, Polygonatum odoratum, Potentilla hirta, Potentilla micrantha, Potentilla montana, Potentilla sterilis, Potentilla thuringiaca, Prunella X intermedia, Pseudoturritis turrita, Ptilostemon strictus, Pulmonaria angustifolia, Pulmonaria australis, Pulmonaria longifolia, Pulmonaria montana subsp. jurana, Pulsatilla rubra, Ranunculus cortusifolius, Ranunculus nemorosus, Ranunculus olissiponensis subsp. olissiponensis, Rhinanthus burnatii, Rhinanthus songeonii, Rosa gallica, Rosa spinosissima, Rumex maderensis, Ruta graveolens, Scleropodium purum, Scorzonera hispanica subsp. hispanica, Scrophularia smithii subsp. hierrensis, Scrophularia smithii subsp. langeana, Scrophularia smithii subsp. smithii, Scutellaria supina, Securigera varia, Selinum silaifolium, Seseli libanotis, Seseli peucedanoides, Silene coutinhoi, Silene donetzica, Silene italica subsp. italica, Silene latifolia subsp. alba, Silene latifolia subsp. latifolia, Silene mellifera, Silene nemoralis, Silene nutans subsp. insubrica, Silene nutans subsp. nutans, Silene vulgaris subsp. commutata, Solidago virgaurea subsp. virgaurea, Stachys germanica subsp. cordigera, Stachys heraclea, Stachys recta subsp. recta, Tanacetum corymbosum subsp. corymbosum, Tephroseris longifolia subsp. longifolia, Teucrium chamaedrys subsp. chamaedrys, Teucrium francoi, Teucrium scorodonia, Thalictrum minus subsp. majus, Thalictrum minus subsp. minus, Thalictrum minus subsp. pratense, Thalictrum minus subsp. pubescens, Thesium bavarum, Trifolium alpestre, Trifolium aureum, Trifolium flexuosum, Trifolium latinum, Trifolium medium subsp. balcanicum, Trifolium medium subsp. banaticum, Trifolium medium subsp. medium, Trifolium medium subsp. sarosiense, Trifolium ochroleucon, Trifolium rubens, Trifolium velenovskyi, Valeriana nemorensis, Valeriana pratensis subsp. angustifolia, Valeriana wallrothii, Verbascum chaixii subsp. austriacum, Verbascum chaixii subsp. chaixii, Verbascum lychnitis, Veronica austriaca, Veronica barrelieri subsp. barrelieri, Veronica barrelieri subsp. nitens, Veronica chamaedrys subsp. chamaedrys, Veronica jacquinii, Veronica spicata subsp. spicata, Veronica teucrium, Veronica vindobonensis, Vicia cassubica, Vicia cracca subsp. incana, Vicia dumetorum, Vicia melanops, Vicia onobrychioides, Vicia orobus, Vicia pisiformis, Vicia sepium subsp. sepium, Vicia sylvatica, Vicia tenuifolia subsp. dalmatica, Vicia tenuifolia subsp. tenuifolia, Vincetoxicum hirundinaria subsp. intermedium, Viola collina, Viola hirta, Viola paradoxa, Viscaria vulgaris
Bryophytes: Aulacomnium androgynum, Brachythecium rutabulum, Lophocolea bidentata, Oxyrrhynchium hians, Plagiomnium affine, Plagiothecium laetum

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